Make the wood as large as possible. The general rule, that biodiversity increases with area, is particularly important in woodland. A roughly circular shape is thought to be best.
Think about how you can increase ‘edge’ habitat. This is preferred by many species of birds and butterflies. You could create a small glade, a path or perhaps a sinuous boundary.
Create a multi-layered wood with a full range of habitats and species.
Intervention may be necessary whilst the young trees establish to reduce competition from surrounding vegetation and restrict browsing by deer, rabbits or hares.
The number one resource
for sustainability in post-16 education